World Bank Youth

  Let’s prepare for the future

 

Made by:   Gabriela Bosoiu, Malina Bostan, Beatrice Dulgheriu, ALexandra Nica

Prof.:  Marilena Oprea

 

Summary : The idea supports „Reduced inqualities” as a Sustainable Development Goal and relates to „Transforming the Jobs and Skills of Tomorrow” and „Leveraging Information & Communication Technologies (ICTs)”. The problem reflects at how can people adapt to changes in technology, and the solution is an initiative program.

 

The problem : Nowadays people that live in developed  countries are using each day of their lives technology, while those living in disadvantaged areas benefit to a small extent from the opportunities offered by technology. This has led to a major gap between people who should have equal rights. The technological information is getting more and more accelerated. The number of people using and living in technology is getting bigger.

The way of life, the relationships between people, the environment and the household, are constantly changing at the pace and under the influence of technology.

A small proportion of those using commercial technology, offered on the ordinary consumer market, know the negative effects that are in the package with the benefits of using them.  An even greater number of our contemporaries are unaware of the research and technological achievements in some areas, which are quite shocking for ordinary people.

An example would be artificial craftsmanship, cloning technologies with the combination of living and artificial tissue, technologies that aim at saving lives or prolonging life, but which have many ethical, morally unresolved aspects with psychological implications.

In conclusion, few of us are prepared for what will follow (we can even say) for the next 10 years.


Exemplification:

To have a view for a better understanding we will show around a few examples. One study showed that the most technologically advanced countries are those that have a high degree of suicide. Technology may be making things worse, increasing young people’s isolation.

Japan is well-known for its scientific research. Research scientists of Japan have made immense contributions in various fields like automobiles, electronics, machinery, earthquake engineering, optics, industrial robotics, metals and semi-conductors.  Japanese researchers have won many Nobel Prizes. Japan’s particularity lay down in the fact that they achieved results in every fields: from bio-technology to robotics. Suicide in Japan has become a significant national social issue. In 2014 on average 70 Japanese people committed suicide every day, and the vast majority were men. Japan has a relatively high suicide rate compared to other countries, but the number of suicides is declining and as of 2013 has been under 30,000 for three consecutive years. Seventy-one percent of suicides in Japan were male, and it is the leading cause of death in men aged 20–44. By 2016, suicide rates had reached a 22-year low of 21,764, that is, men decreased by 1,664 to 15,017 and women decreased by 597 to 6,747.

Also in these developed countries, artificial intelligence has become a dream already fulfilled. An AI system that reaches and then exceeds human capabilities could have very large impacts, both positive and negative. If AI matures in fields such as mathematical or scientific research, these systems could make rapid progress in curing diseases or engineering robots to serve human needs. Many people worry about the disruptive social effects of this kind of machine intelligence, and in particular its capacity to take over jobs previously done by less skilled workers. If the economy is unable to create new jobs for these people quickly enough, there will be widespread unemployment and falling wages. These outcomes could be avoided through government policy, but doing so would likely require significant planning.

While the stakes seem huge, the effort being put into avoiding these hazards is small. Global spending on research and action to ensure that machine intelligence is developed safely will come to only $9 million in 2017

Next, there is the difference between less advanced countries and those in the top hierarchy. From this point of view, we will take a man from a community in which technology did not get strong roots and name him Bob. For Bob it would not be easy to explain the basics of computer science. Why? First of all, this man could have an unpredictable reaction: how could he accept artificial intelligence? What would be Bob’s first reaction if  he saw people half-robots? Can he be a friend of such people or would not accept them. Or how could the individual’s evolution be in a society full of technological information? At first he would be scared then even amazed. But  after all of these, such a community would have a negative impact on Bob as his behavior would start to change . This is how the psychological rules must be explained in order to make this peson to live in harmony with others. As the number of robots grows and the rapid technological changes are revolutionizing the future of jobs and businesses  will get big changes. Thus, it is not in doubt that in  near future thousands of current jobs will disappear, being replaced by others. Is Bob aware of this fact?

Solution: Promoting and creating networks of global volunteers that can help people with difficulty in understanding and using technology

To balance the huge scale of humanity, we decided to unify human psychology with computer science. We thought that educating individuals in technological and psychological terms could reduce the percentage of problems. So we came with the term of „Psytech”. This will be possible through a network of volunteers (freshmen) who will provide guidance, trust and information.   The volunteers will be chosen through a small preselection, consisting of a questionnaire with corresponding questions. Volunteers also need skills both in the computer and psychological field, and will take part in training courses specially held by teachers so that they can be amazing mentors. All volunteers will be enrolled on a web platform so all information is given to everyone.

This volunteer network will be included in most of the world’s (we will start with our country, Romania) volunteer clubs(eg: Rotary, Scoala de Valori, …). We will prepare conferences, district meetings, caravans to expand this community and make sure that the information we want to share will help everywhere.

To make everything clear, Let’s say Bob lives in Soveja, a city from Romania where technology isn’t popular. The districtual volunteers that are in charge for that village will came monthly to teach Bob and his friends the basiscs of „Psytech”. Bob will not only learn about „smartphones” or „wifi”, in time he will be able to become a full grown-up in terms of human equality and technological information. As Bob learns he can become a volunteer himself by taking training courses and finally becoming a mentor. The circle goes on and on.

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